Education system in Nepal

Education system in Nepal

Long time ago, before the establishment of democracy, the education in Nepal depended on self-teaching at home and gurukul. The first formal school was established in 1853, but was intended to the higher caste and rich peoples only. Later, when Rana regime was the supreme order in the country, English education in Nepal started in 1910 B.S. with the establishment of Durbar High School in Kathmandu. Dev Shumser established hundreds of schools for the public, but his effort was banned and was dethroned as education was not provided to the public. The introduction of democracy in 1stFalgun 2007B.S. lead to the broadening of education system in Nepal. There were only 321 schools and colleges in Kathmandu during the Rana Rule and the advanced education shared a tremendous lump of significance among the Nepali people group. Even those provided were not evenly managed. The education system focuses mainly on theoretical rather than practical concept. Which leads to find difficult in jobs according to qualification. In any case, that was insufficient all things considered yet to be acknowledged in the creating nation like Nepal. The progressions are occurring constantly, which is something to be thankful for however there are obstacles that force the end to it and the advancement is slacking

Challenges/Problems finding colleges in Nepal

The problems plaguing the education system of Nepal are multidimensional like rapid population growth, far away location, shortage of resources lack of professional manpower, inefficient educational management system and poor implementation of policies and program. The major challenges finding colleges are as follows:


After the restoration of democracy, the role of higher education has been very well recognized in the development of science and technology, as well as various arenas of human advancement. On the one hand quality is a selective phenomenon and only few can attain it and on the other hand quality for quality sake or with regards to specific area rather than quality as mutually exclusive and emphasize selectively at the expense of equity.

Lack of Infrastructure and extra activities:

Lack of physical and educational facilities in Nepalese educational institutions is another major challenges of Nepal. The salary, financial rewards and benefits for the faculty and staff are very low according to the rising cost of living in Nepal. Beside, infrastructure facilities are also not sufficient, there are not enough well equipped libraries, office rooms, toilets, administration offices, classrooms, engineering, science, and other laboratories for the growing student body and faculty members.

Academic Freedom:

The right of academic freedom must be recognized in order to enable the faculty members, researchers, and students to carry on their roles. There should be the freedom of universities in making professional appointments, tenure research, salary scales, and all academic decision.

Courses and Curriculum:

It is very difficult to design the courses and curriculum in accordance with the standard of higher education of the present day. It is seen that so many important and modern courses required for higher education are not taught at all. The curriculums are not written in detail and are left to the professors’ personal likes, dislikes, interests or experience. • Budgeting and Financing: Another challenge for education is lack of budgeting and financing for expanding infrastructure and improving the quality of education in Nepal. The conventional system of an annual budget system should be improved by adopting new budgeting system because conventional budgeting is most confusing and least understood.

Population Growth and Locations:

The fast growing population in Nepal is another problem by causing overcrowding in the educational institution opened at different places because the number of institutions is deficient. The demand for the quantitative expansion of education at all levels remains one of the primary concerns because of the continuous population expansion. Suggestion to meet the challenges: The need for improving the quality of education at every stage, so that a proper foundation can be laid for advanced study in management, science, engineering, agriculture, and those other areas which are most closely allied to the national economic development and reconstruction of the nation as a whole.

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